Thursday, July 12, 2018

Laura Elizabeth Ingalls Wilder

LAURA ELIZABETH "Bess" INGALLS WILDER (1867 – 1957) = Pioneer, Schoolteacher, Columnist, Author. Best known for her book called "Little House on the Prairie." The semi-fictional television series starring Michael Landon as Pa and Melissa Gilbert as Laura was based on her autobiographical books written for children. Born on February 7, 1867, in Wisconsin, she was the second child of Charles and Caroline Quiner Ingalls.
When Laura was three, the Ingalls moved to Kansas, traveling through Missouri, to the Verdigris River, ten miles from the present-day town of Independence. Pa built a log home there, near an Indian trail. The following year they moved back to Wisconsin. She didn't come back to Kansas until 1894 when she passed through the state on her way south to Mansfield, Missouri. At that time, Mansfield boasted a Methodist and a Presbyterian church, but not a Congregational one like Laura's Pa had helped organize in DeSmet, SD.
Laura married Almonzo James Wilder (1857-1949) or "Manly" as she called him, in 1885 and homesteaded near De Smet, Dakota Territory. They had two children, a daughter named Rose Wilder Lane (1886-1968), who became a famous journalist after she grew up and a boy who lived only a few weeks. Mama Bess and Manly were married 64 years. Manly passed away at the age of 92 and Laura, three days after she turned 90.
Sunday was a day not only to worship God in church, but also a day to visit with friends pioneer farmers might not see all week. Laura's Pa once gave three dollars to a church bell fund and the Wilders were active in the building of a Methodist Church in Spring Valley, MN in 1876. After coming to Missouri, Laura and Almanzo attended Methodist camp meetings.

A Quote by Laura Ingalls Wilder:

"Our ideal home should be made by a man and woman together."
Manly built this first home for Laura in Mansfield, Missouri. Our Tour Guide is standing on the front porch.

More to Read: (This is a short list of the books written about Laura Ingalls Wilder.)
1. Laura Ingalls Wilder: Little House in the Ozarks. Ed. By Stephen W. Hines.
Thomas Nelson, 1991.
2.100 Authors Who Shaped World History. By Christine N. Perkins. 1996.
3. Laura Ingalls Wilder's Fairy Poems. Compiled by: Stephen W. Hines.1998.
4. Who Were They Really? The True Stories Behind Famous Characters. By
Susan Beth Pfeffer. 1999.
5. Visiting the Homesites of Laura Ingalls Wilder with Barb Hawkins VHS.
Camelot Studios, 2000.
6. Laura Ingalls Wilder, Storyteller of the Prairie. by Ginger Wadsworth
7. Little House Traveler: Writings from Laura Ingalls Wilder's Journeys
Across America. By Laura Ingalls Wilder. Harper-Collins; 2006.
8. Laura Ingalls Wilder: Farm Journalist. Ed. By Stephen W Hines. 2007.
Missouri Legends: Famous People from the Show-Me State. By John W.
Brown., 2008.
9. The Life of Laura Ingalls Wilder, Author of The Little House on the Prairie. Donald Zochert. 1976.
10. The Ghost in the Little Hill: A Life of Rose Wilder Lane. William Holtz. 1993.
11. Missouri Death Certificate: #11919
12. Findagrave # 1625

Writings by Laura Ingalls Wilder: Little House in the Big Woods (1932);
Farmer Boy (1933); Little House on the Prairie (1935);On the Banks of Plum Creek (1937); By the Shores of the Silver Lake (1939); The Long Winter (1940);Little Town on the Prairie (1941); These Happy Golden Years (1943); and The First Four Years (1971);
poetry such as  "The Sunshine Fairy"

Places to Visit in MO. & KS:
1. Rocky Ridge Farm, 3068 Highway A, Mansfield, MO. 65704
2. Laura Ingalls Wilder Library. Mansfield, MO
3. Mansfield, Mo. Cemetery
4. Little House On the Prairie log house replica, US Hwy 75, Independence, Ks. (13 miles SW of Independence).

Our Field Trip:
I finally found the photo I snapped of the replica of the Ingalls cabin the first weekend of October, 1992. My husband, son, and I were on a weekend holiday to Coffeyville, KS. for the 100th Anniversary of the Dalton Raid on the Banks and we veered over to Independence, KS. to see it on the way down.
My great-grandparents owned a café on Main Street and the Farmers Motel in Coffeyville, in 1892 and were "front row" witnesses to the original bank robberies.

Extras For the (Home) Educator:
1. The History Chicks featured article
2. Laura Ingalls Wilder Frontier Girl website
3. Garden of Praise website on Wilder
4. Here is a Sunbonnet Card inspired by Laura.
5. Homeschooling Unit Study and Lapbook Ideas 
6. A printable Laura Ingalls Wilder quote
7. Kansas Trading Card! 

Friday, February 2, 2018

Mrs. Clara Stover

Clara Mae (Lewis) Stover (1882-1975) = Candy Queen. Entrepreneur. She was born to Lorenzo and Mary Ann (Jenkins) Lewis in Iowa on September 25.

She first met her future husband as a young lady in her early twenties, but did not marry Russell (1888-1954), son of John and Emma Stover until her late twenties (1911). Their first home was a farm in Canada, but they soon decided farming wasn't for them. They eventually returned to the United States and Russell found work in the food industry. As an industrious wife, Clara made homemade candies in her kitchen that he sold locally.

In 1921, before they moved to Denver, Colorado, Russell partnered with Christian Nelson (1893-1992) to sell Nelson's Eskimo Pie invention. Meanwhile, Clara continued making candy in the kitchen of their bungalow home. She mixed up candy in small batches in pots and hand-dipped cordial cherries into chocolate. She named her business "Mrs. Stover's Bungalow Candies" and she became known for them. Her business expanded from their home to several stores and a factory in Kansas City during the Great Depression and war years. 

The couple took on the care of a distant relative's five children for several years and four years after adopting their daughter, Gloria (1928-1985), they relocated their headquarters to Kansas City, MO. In 1943, the company name was changed to Russell Stover Candies. 

Clara carried on the candy business after Russell's death in 1954 until she retired and sold the business in 1960. She passed away at the age of 93 in 1975 and was buried next to Mr. Stover in the Mount Moriah Cemetery Mausoleum in Kansas City.

Mrs. Stover's Bungalow Candy Delivery Truck. c. 1927

More to Read:
1. Clara Stover of Russell Stover Candies. By Jane F. Flynn.

2. Dictionary of Missouri Biography. By Lawrence O. Christensen, William E. Foley, & Gary Kremer. p. 728. Retrieved from Google Books.
3. Russell Stover Chocolate History
4. Social Security Death Index: U.S., 1937-1998. Surnames from L through Z. Family Tree Maker CD by Broderbund.
5. Smithsonian
6. Russell Stover, Robinson Library
7. The Eskimo Pie Corporation Records, National Museum of American History
8. Kansas State Historical Society Trading Card
9. Missouri Women, Clara Stover
10. Candy Hall of Fame
11. "Dad-ventures: Historic Names and Cemeteries in Kansas City. By Shannon Carpenter. October 22, 2015. Visit KC
12. Russell Stover's Kansas Trading Card! 
13. Findagrave #22317 and  #21858



Places to Visit:
1. Sweet Tooth Marker, Kansas City International Airport, 601 Brasilia Ave, Parking Lot C, Kansas City
2. Russell Stover Headquarters, 1206 Main St, Kansas City,
3. Russell Stover Candy Stores
4. Former Residences: (1935) 803 West 54th Terr., Kansas City and 5805 Mission Drive, Mission Hills, KS. (please respect the privacy of the homeowners)
5. Mount Moriah's Mausoleum, Holmes Road (south of 435 Hwy), Kansas City

Thursday, November 23, 2017

Walt Disney

Walter Elias Disney (1901-1966) = Illustrator. Film-maker. Best known for Mickey & Minnie Mouse and Donald & Daisy Duck. Born to Elias and Flora (Call) Disney in Chicago, Illinois, Walt [named for Rev. Walter Parr (1871-1922) and his father] was their fourth of five children. Walt was brought up in a musical (his dad played the fiddle) and Christian home where he was taught the values of right and wrong.
Financially, life was a struggle for the Disney family and after Walt was born, his family moved from Chicago to the rural town of Marceline, Missouri. As a young farm-boy, he developed an interest in drawing animals.
In 1911, they moved to Kansas City. Young Walt and his brother, Roy, help their father deliver newspapers. He attended school at Benton Elementary, under  Principal William Cottingham's leadership. Then it was back to Chicago where Walt began high school in 1917 and in 1918, he joined the Red Cross Ambulance Corp in France and afterwards, returned first to Chicago and then back to Kansas City in 1919.
Disney had various jobs there such as designing stationery letterheads and advertisements, learning how to make cutout film animations and opening his own companies, however, he was not a financial success and left Kansas City in 1923 for Hollywood, California where he promptly created another company called the Disney Brothers Studio. Disney created Oswald the Rabbit (1927) and Mickey Mouse in "Steamboat Willie" (1928) there. Walt was the voice of Mickey for nearly twenty years of the cartoon. He went on to experiment with Technicolor, a new 3-color process in his films and won Academy Awards for "Flowers and Trees" (1932) and "Snow White" (1937).
Walt married Lillian Marie Bounds (1925) and had two girls, Sharon and Diane. Two years after his death, the US Postal Service issued a 6 cent stamp in his honor.

More to Read:
1. State Historical Society of Missouri, "Walt Disney"

2. Walt Disney Family Museum
3. Disney Family 
5. Wikipedia "Walt Disney"
6.  Disney Website
7 Disney/Hallmark License 
8.  "The Purpose of Storyboarding" video
9. FREE Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck and Pluto Printable Coloring Sheet
10. Movie Trailer - "Walt Before Mickey
11. Norman Besheer, President Emeritus of the Native Sons and Daughters of Kansas City.
12. A Disneyland Brick
13. Findagrave #284

Craft Idea: Create a Passport Journal. Make a passport to resemble a real one or purchase a small blue blank book at the dollar store or purchase one of the official Disney passports. Make or purchase representative Disney stickers. Handmade stickers can be tiny photos of each of the locations you visited pertaining to him or rubber stamped Disney images . When you have visited all the places pertaining to Disney in Missouri or Kansas, you'll have a keepsake of your trip to keep forever. Added bonuses -- try to find a real Disney postage stamp and obtain autographs of tourist guides to add to your Passport. 

Places to Visit in MO & KS:
1. Historical Marker Database (Search "Walt Disney") 
2. Walt Disney Museum, 120 W. Santa Fe, Marceline, MO.
3. Walt Disney United States Post Office Building, 120 E. Ritchie Street, Marceline, MO.
4.  Walk Disney's newspaper route - 27th Street to 31st Street and from Prospect Ave to Indiana Ave. Kansas City. (Approximately 600 to 700 customers then.)
5. Disney Homes - 2706 E. 31st Street and 3028 Bellefontaine St., Kansas City (please respect the privacy of the homeowners).
6. Benton Elementary, 31st and Benton Blvd., Kansas City, MO. 
7Laugh-O-Gram Studio, McConaughey Building,  1127 E. 31st St (31st and Forest Ave), 2nd floor, Kansas City -- takes money to restore the building for a museum
8. Union Railroad Station (Disney rode a train to California), 30 W. Pershing Rd. Kansas City
9. Disney Store, Oak Park Mall, 11447 W. 95th Street, #L1-S52, Overland Park, KS.
10. Walt Disney's grandparents are buried in Mount Hope Cemetery,  Spruce and East 12th St., Ellis, Ellis County, KS.

Disney Community Service Projects:
1.) Hold a Book Drive for Kids in a Homeless Shelter! 

Saturday, October 28, 2017

Jane Clemens

Jane (Lampton) Clemens (1803-1890) -- Wife, Mother. Grandmother. Best known as "Aunt Polly" in the 1876 novel "Tom Sawyer" by Mark Twain. Jane was born June 18, 1803 in  Kentucky to Benjamin (1770-1837) and Margaret (Casey) Lampton (1783-1818). It is said she was celebrated for her red-headed beauty, charm,  grace and wit that won the heart of her John.
She married John Marshall Clemens (1798-1847), son of Samuel & Pamela (Goggin) Clemens, on May 26, 1823 in Adair Co, Kentucky and she had seven children, one of whom became the famous author "Mark Twain." She gave him the name Samuel and he was the sixth of seven siblings. Orion, Pamela, Pleasant, Margaret, and Benjamin were born in Tennessee, but Sam and Henry was born in Missouri. Samuel was born in Florida, Monroe County in 1835 after they moved  to live near Aunt Patsey (Lampton) Quarles. Three years later, Henry was born in Hannibal, Marion County.
As a mama, Jane knew plenty about grieving.  Several of her children and grandchildren did not live long enough to reach adult-hood and her youngest, Henry, died as a result of a steamboat explosion accident when he was a young man. However, as a devout Christian, she hoped to see them again in the by and by and while Sam was touring the Holy Land in 1867, he ordered a special Bible to be made for her, because he knew that would please her.
After John died of pneumonia, hard times fell on Jane and the remaining children. Orion, Sam's older brother, moved Jane and Henry to Iowa to live with him and his wife, Mollie, in 1853 after Sam left  to go make his living as a journeyman printer in St. Louis. Jane died on October 27, 1890 and was laid to rest in Hannibal.

NOTE: According to this website, Jane Lampton Clemens was said to have been born in Winchester, Clark County, Kentucky in a brick house known as the "Trowbridge place," on the corner of Main and Hickman streets (then called "Highland" street).  Harry Enoch, a writer for the Winchester Sun newspaper has disproved A. C. Quisenberry's claim here  and here. 

QUOTE: "What books she could have written!" ~ Mark Twain.

More to Read:
Jane Clemens: the Story of Mark Twain's Mother. By Rachel McBrayer Varble. Doubleday, 1964.
2. "Clemens, Jane Lampton." By Abby H. P. Werlock. The Mark Twain Encyclopedia. Edited by LeMaster, Wilson, & Hamric. Garland Pub, New York, 1993. p. 152. Retrieved from Website: Google Books.  
3.  The Clemens Family Chronology 1610-1912. William M. Clemens, New York, 1914. p. 21, 33, 34, 35, 37, 38.  Retrieved from website:
4. "Mark Twain Family Cabin." Museum of Appalachia, Norris, Tennessee. 
5. Mark Twain: A Biography. The Personal and Literary Life of Samuel Langhorne Clemens. By Albert Bigelow Paine.
6.  The Mark Twain Project (see "Letters").
7 .The Adventures of Tom Sawyer book. 
8. Mark Twain's Journey to Jerusalem: Dreamland (Oct., 2017 documentary),
9. The Civil War Ironclads and His Mississippi. By James B. Eads, p. 76.
10. Before Abolition, African-Americans in early Clark County, Kentucky. By Lyndon Comstock. 2017. p. 339.  
11. The Genealogy of Mark Twain. by Lucius Marion Lampton, M.D., copyright 1990, pages 78-79.
12. "Mark Twain." Steamboat Times: A Pictorial History of the Mississippi Steamboating Era website.
13. Findagrave #21750

QUOTE: “Jane Clemens, Little Sam’s Mother, decided when he was five years old, that he must have some book learning. She declared she was willing to pay somebody to take him off her hands for a part of each day and try and teach him manners." ~ Alfred Bigelow Paine.

Places to Visit in Missouri:
1. Mark Twain Birthplace State Historic Site, Florida (see Jane's rocking chair
2.. Jane's home, 208 Hill Street, Hannibal
3. Judge Clemens Justice of the Peace Office, 205 Hill Street, Hannibal
4. Grant's Drug Store/Pilaster House, 325 North Main Street, Hannibal
5. the Mississippi River and historic markers
6. Mt. Olivet Cemetery. It is located southeast, off Hwy 79 on 3rd Street, on to Fulton Ave on Route "I", Hannibal

Note: Biography requested by John Vonderlin, a crafty fellow and history nut as well. 😉

Wednesday, September 6, 2017

Wilbur Chapman

Wilbur Chapman (1903 -1977). Good Deed Inspired Pig Banks.
Wilbur was born to Charles and Manie Chapman. When he was ten, missionary, William Mason Danner (1863-1952), the American Leprosy Missions' first secretary (1911-1937), visited Wilbur's church in northeast Kansas to tell them about leper colonies and how badly they needed help. Leprosy or Hansen's Disease is a contagious, disfiguring disease that is now thought to be spread by droplets of facial fluids between people in close and frequent contact or by handling infected armadillos. It can be cured by antibotics now, but back in 1913, they did not have the medicine necessary  to cure their patients, however the medical care they could provide for one person with leprosy would only cost $25.00 for one year.

Wilbur's parents decided they wanted to provide care for ten patients and collected donations around their small town, but found they were short $25.00. When Danner got on the train to leave to go onto his next stop, he affectionately gave Wilbur three shiny silver dollars. Wilbur could have purchased something frivolous with that money, but instead he bought a pig, named him Pete, raised him, and sold him for the last $25.00. That money helped a boy named Al Sam.

The story was published in the "Sunday School Times" paper and inspired a Mrs. Harrison of Richmond, VA to create a fundraiser for the Mission. She said that children could feed a slot in the back of a pig bank to help raise funds for the leprosarium's as not all had the necessary space or equipment to raise a pig like Wilbur did. By 1938, the American Mission to Lepers had raised over $1,000,000 with the distribution of pig banks.

Wilbur grew up to become a successful draftsman in Minneapolis.

More to Read
2. Institute for American Values
3. Kansas Travel Brochure
4Kansas Guidebook for Explorers. By Marci Penner. 
5. "Thank a Kansas boy for the Piggy Bank." By Alonzo Weston, St. Joseph News-Press. 
9. Leprosy History -- William M. Danner
10. William Mason Danner, Sr. & the first pig banks.
11. Nothing Tops Armadillos In Research of Leprosy 

Places to Visit in KS
1. Wilbur Chapman Monument, 202 Main St. (dedicated in 1938; north/right side of street, in front of Community Christian church, 1 1/2 blocks west of K-7 Hwy), White Cloud, Doniphan Co.
2. Wilbur's boyhood home was formally known as "The Gingerbread House, a private residence in White Cloud. 

Holiday: "World Leprosy Day" January 30 or its nearest Sunday, so in 2018, it will be Sunday, January 28.

Teacher Reproducible:
Friendly Schools Plus Teacher Resource: Middle Childhood (Ages 8-10). Hawker Brownlow Education, 2014.