Monday, May 9, 2016

Daniel Boone

Daniel Boone (1734-1820) = Colonel. Surveyor. Explorer. Sixth child born to Squire and Sarah Morgan Boone in Pennsylvania on November 2, 1734. His grandparents, George and Mary Boone, were English Quakers who settled near Exeter. The Quakers were great friends with the Native Americans in that vicinity. One time his grandfather invited a Moravian missionary to preach at his home and several Delaware Indians were converted to Christianity.

One of young Daniel's chores was to take the cattle out to pasture each morning, then drive them back each evening for his mother to milk. While he tended the cows, he became familiar with the woods and learned to hunt by the time he was thirteen. His family ate the game he shot and traded the skins for things they needed. Daniel was schooled by his older brother's wife, Sarah. She taught him to read, write and to do his sums.

In 1750, his family moved from Pennsylvania to North Carolina. Daniel married Rebecca Bryan (1739-1813) there on August 14, 1756. They had ten children. Their names were James, Israel, Susannah, Jemima, Levinia, Rebecca, Daniel Morgan, Jesse Bryan, William, and Nathan.

Daniel loved to go on long hunts, sometimes leaving home for many months. He explored and surveyed the land. He rediscovered Cumberland Gap, a mountain pass and helped build the Wilderness Road. Boonesborough, a settlement in Kentucky, was named for him.

In 1799, Daniel walked to the Femme Osage district about forty miles from present-day St. Louis, Missouri. Kentucky was getting too crowded for him. Spanish officials appointed him a judge in 1800. He died on September 26, 1820 at Nathan's home.

Historical Note:” Chester Harding is believed to have painted the only portrait of Daniel Boone while he lived and  in 1851, artist George Caleb Bingham paints the most famous nineteenth-century Boone depiction, "Daniel Boone Escorting Settlers Through the Cumberland Gap." Gilbert White painted a mural called "Daniel Boone and Companions" for the Kentucky State Capital which was made into a postage stamp

Historical Dates:
1750 = Thomas Walker discovered Cumberland Gap
1769 = Boone explored Kentucky
1775 = Boone established Boonesboro

More to Read:
1. "The Pioneer and The Prairie Lawyer: Boone and Lincoln Family Heritage 1603-1985." By Willard Mounts.Ginwill Publishing, Denver, Colorado, 1991
2. "The Boone Family: A Genealogical History of the Descendants of George and Mary Boone. By Hazel Atterbury Spraker. Tuttle Press, 1922.
3. The Lincoln, Hanks & Boone Families. By H. E. Robinson. 1906.
4. Morgan and Strode Genealogy. By Jim White.
5. Discovery, Settlement, and Present State of Kentucke. By John Filson. 1784.
6. Daniel Boone. By Lyman C. Draper
7. Stories of the Great West By Theodore Roosevelt
8. Jackson County Pioneers. By Pearl Wilcox. 1975.
9. The Spear and the Spindle: Ancestors of Sir Francis Bryan (d. 1550), Kt, . By T. A. Fuller. Heritage Books, Inc., Bowie, Maryland, 1993. Pp. 113-114.
10. Boone Association. Ken Kamper is the present-day expert on Daniel Boone.
11. The History of Jackson County, Missouri. Kansas City, MO; Union Historical Company, Birdsall, Williams & Co., 1881. Reprinted: Cape Girardeau, MO, Ramfre Press, 1966.
12. Chronology of Daniel Boone.
13. Early Settlers List on  Ft. Boonesborough Monument
14. Fort Boonesborough's Living History Teacher's Resource Website
15. Missouri: Day by Day. By Floyd C. Shoemaker, Editor. Mo State Historical Society, 1942.
16. Daniel Boone and the Hunters of Kentucky. By W. H. Bogart. 1854.
17. St. Louis, MO. sources for Boone information
18. Boone/Scholl Story in Clark County, Kentucky
19. Findagrave # 109 and #5339.

Places to Visit in MO and KS.
1. Daniel Boone's statue, Main St, St. Charles, MO.
2. DAR markers, on Main St, St. Charles, MO.
3. Daniel Boone Home and Boonesfield Village, 1868 Highway F, Defiance, MO
4. Daniel Boone's Burial Site in Missouri.
5. Washington Historical Museum, Washington, MO.
6. Boone’s Lick State Historic Site, 12 miles northwest of Boonville on Route 187. Arrow Rock.
7. Boone's Lick Road Association (map)

Boone Descendants:
1.Daniel Morgan Boone 
2. Daniel Morgan Boone on Find-A-Grave # 6223
3. Nathan Boone had been with William Clark when Clark traveled upriver from St. Charles in 1808 and established Fort Osage at a spot overlooking a bend in the Missouri River near present day Sibley, MO.  (see marker here). Daniel Boone visited the original Fort Osage in the fall of 1816. 
4. Kenneth Military Road, (parts of it still exist in Johnson County, KS). Daniel Morgan Boone helped blaze the Military Road from Ft. Leavenworth to Ft. Scott. 
5. Nathan Boone Homestead State Historic Site, 7860 N. State Hwy V, Ash Grove, MO
6. Capt. Samuel Boone was a great-great nephew of Daniel's. He and several other family members are buried in the Mt. Tabor Methodist Church Cemetery, south of Odessa, MO.
7. Elder Ira Boone, Samuel's brother, was ordained in the historic Pleasant Grove Primitive Baptist Church, 18400 E. Rd. Mize Road, Independence, MO.
8. Septimus Scholl Letters
9. Edgar Watts of Dallas/Watts Mill area of Kansas City, MO. marries Flora Boone, great-great granddaughter of Daniel Boone in 1923.  See the Watts Mill Markers, 103rd Street (south side), between State Line & Wornall Roads, Kansas City, MO.
10. Col. Upton Hays married a descendant of Daniel Boone -- Watts Hay Letters.
11. Bushwhacker Museum, 212 West Walnut Street, Nevada, MO (see quilt top made by a Boone descendant)
12. Price-Loyles House, 718 Spring St, Weston, MO

13. Albert Boone founded Lecompton which was one of the Kansas' territorial capitals pre-state. He also had a dry-goods store in Westport (present-day Kansas City, MO., see Kelly's Inn) at the corner of Westport & Pennsylvania Roads.

Historical Tidbit: Bryon wrote a poem about Daniel Boone.

A Quote by Daniel Boone:
All the religion I have is to love and fear God, do all the good to my neighbors and myself that I can, and do as little harm as I can help, and trust on God's mercy for the rest.
Boone Society