Wednesday, September 6, 2017

Wilbur Chapman

Wilbur Chapman (1903 -1977). Good Deed Inspired Pig Banks.
Wilbur was born to Charles and Manie Chapman. When he was ten, missionary, William Mason Danner (1863-1952), the American Leprosy Missions' first secretary (1911-1937), visited Wilbur's church in northeast Kansas to tell them about leper colonies and how badly they needed help. Leprosy or Hansen's Disease is a contagious, disfiguring disease that is now thought to be spread by droplets of facial fluids between people in close and frequent contact or by handling infected armadillos. It can be cured by antibotics now, but back in 1913, they did not have the medicine necessary  to cure their patients, however the medical care they could provide for one person with leprosy would only cost $25.00 for one year.

Wilbur's parents decided they wanted to provide care for ten patients and collected donations around their small town, but found they were short $25.00. When Danner got on the train to leave to go onto his next stop, he affectionately gave Wilbur three shiny silver dollars. Wilbur could have purchased something frivolous with that money, but instead he bought a pig, named him Pete, raised him, and sold him for the last $25.00. That money helped a boy named Al Sam.

The story was published in the "Sunday School Times" paper and inspired a Mrs. Harrison of Richmond, VA to create a fundraiser for the Mission. She said that children could feed a slot in the back of a pig bank to help raise funds for the leprosarium's as not all had the necessary space or equipment to raise a pig like Wilbur did. By 1938, the American Mission to Lepers had raised over $1,000,000 with the distribution of pig banks.

Wilbur grew up to become a successful draftsman in Minneapolis.

More to Read
2. Institute for American Values
3. Kansas Travel Brochure
4Kansas Guidebook for Explorers. By Marci Penner. 
5. "Thank a Kansas boy for the Piggy Bank." By Alonzo Weston, St. Joseph News-Press. 
9. Leprosy History -- William M. Danner
10. William Mason Danner, Sr. & the first pig banks.
11. Nothing Tops Armadillos In Research of Leprosy 

Places to Visit in KS
1. Wilbur Chapman Monument, 202 Main St. (dedicated in 1938; north/right side of street, in front of Community Christian church, 1 1/2 blocks west of K-7 Hwy), White Cloud, Doniphan Co.
2. Wilbur's boyhood home was formally known as "The Gingerbread House, a private residence in White Cloud. 

Holiday: "World Leprosy Day" January 30 or its nearest Sunday, so in 2018, it will be Sunday, January 28.

Teacher Reproducible:
Friendly Schools Plus Teacher Resource: Middle Childhood (Ages 8-10). Hawker Brownlow Education, 2014. 

Thursday, May 4, 2017

Joyce C. Hall

Joyce Clyde Hall (1891-1982) = Entrepreneur. Founder of Hallmark Cards. Born Aug. 29, 1891, in tiny David City, Butler County, Nebraska, the youngest son of George Nelson Hall, an itinerant preacher and inventor of a wire fly swatter, and Nancy Dudley (Houston) Hall, was named in honor of the Methodist bishop, Rev. Isaac W. Joyce, who was in David City the day he was born.
At the tender age of eight or nine, Joyce went to work, doing whatever a small child could find to do to bring home a little money. When he was sixteen, after a traveling salesman stopped by the local bookstore with his picture postcards, J.C. and his older brothers, William and Rollie, got their heads together, pooled their money and began selling imported post cards too. They called their new business venture the Norfolk Post Card Company. Two years later, J.C. loaded up two shoeboxes of postcards, rode the train into Kansas City,  arriving on January 10, 1910. Within days of his arrival, he was selling his cards to drugstores, bookstores, and gift shops from the top floor of the local YMCA.  At the time, picture postcards were collected and put into scrapbook albums, but J.C. felt that they lacked a private, personal touch, so Rollie joined J.C. in Kansas City and they formed their company called Hall Brothers. After a fire in January of 1915, they set up shop again and bought an engraver's printing presses to produce their own greeting cards. Impressed by the hallmark of medieval goldsmiths, J.C. began printing his cards with his hallmark on the back of each one by 1928.
In 1921, he married his wife Elizabeth Ann Dilday (1896-1976) and had three children: Elizabeth Ann Reid, Barbara Louise Marshall, and Donald Joyce Hall. Donald became president and CEO of Hallmark when JC retired in 1966, and his sons, Donald, Jr. and David E., have impressed their mark on the company too.
Mr. Hall's wife, Elizabeth Ann, died in 1976 and was buried in Kansas City's Forest Hill cemetery. J. C. followed in 1982 at the age of 91 and was laid to rest next to her.

Quote: "Guard your integrity, because it's your greatest asset."

More to Read:
1. About J.C. Hall
2. About Hallmark -- Company Code and Vision Statement, Hallmark's History and Timeline, Divisions, etc.
3. Dayspring Products
4. Wikipedia
5. When You Care Enough. Autobiography by Joyce C. Hall with Curtiss Anderson. Kansas City: Hallmark Cards, Inc., 1979, reprinted 1992.
6. The Very Best from Hallmark: Greeting Cards Through the Years. by Ellen Sterns. Harry N. Abrams, New York, 1988.
7. Here Lies Kansas City: A Collection of Our City’s Notables and Their Final Resting Places. By Wilda Sandy. 1984.
8. YouTube Video: Crown Minute No. 1: Mr. J.C.
9. Findagrave # 1428

Historical Note: From the mid-1930s through the 1950s, J.C. Hall approved every single Hallmark card, giving his official thumbs up by writing "OK JC" on the back. In 1939, an artist, Dorothy Maienschein, who worked for Hallmark, made a watercolor of a bunch of pansies in a basket. It was the most popular card ever sold and in 2010, the US Postal Service created a postage stamp from a corner of the image.

Places to Visit:
1.  Hallmark Cards Visitor Center, Crown Center Complex, 2500 Grand Ave, Kansas City, MO. 
2. Coterie Children's Theatre, Crown Center Complex, 2450 Grand Blvd, Suite 144, KCMO
3. Crayola Store, Crown Center, 2450 Grand, KCMO
4. Eat lunch at the Crayola Café, Crown Center,
5. Eat lunch at Fritz's Railroad Restaurant, Crown Center, 2450 Grand, KCMO
6. Crown Center Ice Skating Rink, 2425 Grand, KCMO (seasonal)
7.  Kaleidoscope, Crown Center Complex, 2500 Grand Ave, KCMO
8.  Lego Land Discovery Center, Crown Center Complex, 2475 Grand Blvd., KCMO
9. Musical Theater Heritage, Crown Center Complex, 2450 Grand Blvd KCMO
10.  Sea Life Aquarium, Crown Center District, 2475 Grand Blvd, KCMO
11. A Hallmark Gold Crown Gift Shop

Quote:  "If a man goes into business with only the idea of making a lot of money, chances are he won't. But if he puts service and quality first, the money will take care of itself. Producing a first-class product that is a real need is a much stronger motivation for success than getting rich."

Tuesday, February 14, 2017

George Washington Carver

George Washington Carver (1860-1943) – Professor Scientist of the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. Best known for his work with the peanut. George Washington Carver was born to a slave woman named Mary owned by his German foster parents Moses and Susan Carver. Since the Carvers did not have any natural children of their own, they raised George and his brother James after their mother was stolen by night riders during the Civil War.
George loved God's creation and had a way with plants and animals. He wanted to learn more about the mysteries of God's creation and left home at age 11 to get his education. Between 1873 and 1877, he attended the services at a African Methodist church in Neosho, MO. Later, around the year 1883, George joined a Presbyterian church in Minneapolis, Kansas. We know this because the Church Registry Roll book has been preserved.
George was talented in many areas. Not only was he good with plants, but he also loved music and art.
He wanted to attend college, but was denied admission to Highland University in Doniphan County, Kansas because he was black. He then tried farming in Kansas and soon afterward was accepted as an art major at Simpson College in Iowa, later transferring to the present Iowa State University and earning two degrees in Agriculture.
In 1896, Carver accepted an offer from Dr. Booker T. Washington to come to the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama to teach. He could have become a rich man, but he freely shared his secrets. For example, he wrote a series of free Agricultural Bulletins for farmers that provided information on crops, cultivation techniques and recipes for nutritious meals.
After Carver died in 1943, Congress designated the Carver home in Diamond Grove, Missouri a National Park.

A Bit of Trivia:
1847 = The Missouri Legislature made it illegal to educate blacks. Also, the legislature prohibited slaves from gathering in any kind of assembly, barred any religious services that were led by a black minister (unless a white official was present), and flatly outlawed the immigration of free black people into the state.

More to Read:
1. George Washington Carver. By Henry Thomas. 1958.
2. George Washington Carver: From Slave to Scientist. By Janet & Geoff Benge.
3. George Washington Carver, National Park Service, US Department of the Interior tourist brochure
4. Missouri Legends: Famous People from the Show-Me State. John W. Brown. 2008.
5. Webster's Biographical Dictionary. G & C. Merriam, 1956.
6. George Washington Carver: Scientist and Inventor. By Judy Monroe.
7. George Washington Carver: Peanut Wizard. Laura Driscoll.
8. “George Washington Carver in Paola” By Joe Hursey. Miami County Historical Museum, Summer 2012 Edition. P. 6. 
9. "Negro Scientist, George Washington Carver" Official Manual "Blue Book," State of Missouri 1949-50. Secretary of State, Jefferson City, MO. p. 24
10. Find-a-Grave Memorial

Places to Visit in MO. & KS.:
1. George Washington Carver National Monument, 5646 Carver Road, Diamond, MO.
2. Griot Museum of Black History & Culture, 2505 St. Louis Ave., St. Louis, MO.
3. See Carver's statue at the Missouri Botanical Gardens, St. Louis, MO.
4. National Agricultural Center and Hall of Fame, 630 Hall of Fame Dr. Bonner Springs, KS.
5. Miami County Historical Museum, 12 E. Peoria, Paola, Ks.
6. Former Residence = 309 East Miami Street, Paola, KS.

Extras For the (Home) Educator:
1. Classroom Poster, (#T-38306) Trend Enterprises, IN. St. Paul, MN.
2. There are many resources at the US Department of Agriculture website such as the coloring book below. Put "George Washington Carver" into their search engine to see what's available.
2. USDA Honors Dr. George Washington Carver (1864-1943) Coloring & Activity Book. US Department of Agriculture.
3. Discovering with God. By Lois Dick. Child Evangelism Fellowship Press, Warrenton, MO., 1987.

Historical Note: The Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute of Tuskegee, Ala., headed for many years by Booker T. Washington (1859-1915) was associated with the National Baptist Convention, USA.

"March is National Peanut Month."

George Washington Carver
By Elizabeth McKinnon.

George Washington Carver liked peanuts,
He thought they were really a treat.
He made many products from peanuts,
From peanuts that we love to eat!